“…an intellectual coup certain to reorient thinking about the meaning of property and control of cultural production…Together there essays successfully subvert received categories…In this [they] succeed splendidly.” · PoLAR
In the early 21st century, intellectual and cultural resources emerge on all sides as candidates for ownership claims. Members of an anthropological research team investigating emergent conomic relations in a part of the world renowned for its innovative approach to resources and transactions, wish to open up the vocabulary. In this unique volume, they bring an unexpected comparative perspective to global debates on intellectual and cultural property rights (IPR and CPR). The contributors bring from Melanesia their collective experience of people initiating, limiting and rationalizing claims through transactions in ways that challenge many of the assumptions behind the international language.
In a bold theoretical move, “property” is put alongside two other terms: “transactions” and “creations.” The former have a place in the anthropological tradition that now needs to be brought into the foreground. In turn, increasing interest in protecting intellectual and cultural resources means that questions about creativity have suddenly become pertinent to what is or is not being transacted. Yet is creativity a special preoccupation of modernity? How are we to talk about people’s creative practices, when innovation becomes the basis for ownership claims? This book is full of surprises!
Subject: General Anthropology
An interview on the life and work of the anthropologist Professor Marilyn Strathern. Interviewed on 6th May 2009 by Alan Macfarlane and edited by Sarah Harrison. Generously supported by the Leverhulme Trust.
Introduction / Part I: Comparison, symmetry, pluralism / 1. Varieties of Ontological Pluralism, Philippe Descola / 2. On Ontological Delegation: The Birth of Neoclassical Anthropology, Gildas Salmon / 3. Connections, Friends and their Relations: An Issue in Knowledge-making, Marilyn Strathern / 4. We Have Never Been Pluralist: On Lateral and Frontal Comparisons in the Ontological Turn, Matei Candea / Part II: Conceptual Alteration: Theory and Method / 5. Anthropological Meditations, or, The Discourse on Comparative Method, Patrice Maniglier / 6. The Contingency of Concepts: Transcendental Deduction and Ethnographic Expression in Anthropological Thinking, Martin Holbraad / 7. Breaking Out of the Modern Circle: On Conceptual Issues of Critical Anthropology, Pierre Charbonnier / Part III: Life and Agency Outside Nature / 8. Thinking with Thinking Forests, Eduardo Kohn / 9. Nature from the Greeks: Empirical Philology and the Ontological Turn in Historical Anthropology, Arnaud Mace / 10. Moving to Remain the Same: Towards an Anthropological Theory of Nomadism, Morten Axel Pedersen / Part IV: Cosmopolitics and Alterity / 11. Metaphysics as Mythophysics. Or, Why I Have Always Been An Anthropologist, Eduardo Viveiros de Castro / 12. Metamorphosis of Consciousness: Concept, System, and Anthropology in the Thought of American Channels, Peter Skafish / 13. Ordering What Is: The Political Implications of Ontological Knowledge, Baptiste Gille / 14. A Dialog About a New Meaning of Symmetric Anthropology, Bruno Latour / Notes on Contributors / Bibliography / Index