Culture is one of the most basic elements that makes up the identity and personality of each individual. Every individual has their own culture rooted from the community they lived in and the family they grew up making up the personal identity people have in the general society. Personal views, aspects of reasoning and judgment and the general logical thinking of an individual are affected significantly by the culture he or she has. In this aspect, the entire well-being of a person depends greatly on his or her culture.
In the society in general, culture is one of the influential factor causing diversity among people. As culture is founded significantly basing from the environment, lifestyle, anthropological background and philosophy of the people in the community, culture tend to vary among each society as its main foundations also likewise differ. In this aspect, each society has their own culture where they basically based their lifestyle and philosophy identifying them apart for the civilization as a whole.
Differences in one’s culture often manifests as a barriers towards social merging programs and cross-cultural services as their respective cultures often contradict each other causing misunderstanding and even collision. Thus, in the aspect of transcending services to other society, personal culture must be incorporated in the approach as to attract the target people and make them comfortable to the presence of foreign individuals. In terms of the nursing field, individual culture also serves as an important factor to the said field of service.
As people significantly depend on their personal culture for their opinion and judgment, their acceptability of certain treatment is often affected. Some refuse certain services and treatment as they view these to be in contrast to their personal cultures and beliefs thus, hindering its benefits to the afflicted patient. For the nursing practitioner, this is indeed complicated. Thus, it is also important to consider for a fact and know the personal assessment and view of the health personnel for clarity and understanding purposes.
For this author, who is also a nursing practitioner, culture is indeed a significant element to the personality of the people particularly the patient. This author indeed respect that concept and the person who wishes to adhere to it as each individual has their own right for their personal identity including cultural aspect however, this only applies to the extent that the belief or cultural norm does not harm anybody. There are some cultures and social concepts that are found to be highly derogatory and harmful to certain individual that these ideas discriminate.
An example of this is child abuser and women battering which this author considers highly unacceptable to be one’s way of moral philosophy or within cultural standard. Indeed, cultural preferences is among the basic rights of an individual however, it is also stated in the legal structure that this cultural right must not be use to discriminate and harm other human beings because of their cultural differences. As a professional in the healthcare industry, this author firmly states as a nurse and another individual in the society that individual cultural preferences are the right of each person.
In the aspect nursing service, this author intends to respect that right and the cultural background of each patient as to not let this get in the way of the health service application. However, as a professional nurse, this author must maintain his personal code and integrity to promote first the health of the patient and its benefit above the culture and beliefs of the patient. Still, patient right for this argument will be acknowledged and respected opening between this professional nurse and the patient a dialogue to discuss his or her situation.
Socio Cultural Assessment Essay
Socio-cultural assessment is realising and understanding the way a child responds to challenges and change. Their responses and perceptions are based on the world in which they live. Their understanding of the world comes from the values and beliefs of the adults, community, socio-economic status, education and culture that surround them. (Mooney, 2000). When making an assessment on an individual child it is necessary to consider the background and culture in which they exist. Berger (2005), states that "human development results from dynamic interactions between developing persons and their surrounding society and culture." (p.45).
Every child is influenced by their own individual socio-cultural and historical environments. Infants are by nature attuned to engage with the social and cultural environment of their family and the wider community they live in. All environments are culturally constructed, shaped by generations of human activity and creativity, and fashioned by their complex belief systems. The way parents care for and teach their children is largely shaped by their cultural beliefs about what is appropriate and desirable, in terms of both goals of child development, and the means to achieve these goals. (Rogoff, 1990).
A socio-cultural perspective of learning promotes social interactions with more knowledgeable others, therefore extending children's capabilities. It is encouraged that knowledge from all cultures within the centre is shared rather than belonging to the individual. (Dahlberg, Moss & Pence, 1999). Te Whāriki believes that, "The early childhood curriculum supports the cultural identity of differences, and aims to help children gain a positive awareness of their own and other cultures". (Ministry of Education, 1996, p 16).
Active participation in these learning experiences will enable children to participate increasingly effectively as learners in their cultural communities, therefore allowing them to make better sense of the wider world they live in. (Dahlberg, Moss & Pence, 1999). Te Whāriki contribution goal 2 states, "Children develop a sense of "who they are," their place in the wider world of relationships, and the way in which these are valued". (MoE, 1996, p.68).
The socio-cultural perspective of development derives from the work of Russian psychologist, Lev Vygotsky, who held the view that children are products of their social and cultural worlds, and to "understand them we must comprehend the social, cultural and societal contexts in which they develop" (Berk & Winsler, 1995, p.1). Vygotsky believed that because cultures differ in the activities they emphasise, and in the tools they use, all human activity and mental processes lead to knowledge and skills that are essential for success within a particular culture. Adults or other community members guide children's participation in activities to promote the development and knowledge of these skills. (Berk &...
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